Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers contain four simple components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or compound cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a Cycloidal gearbox slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first tabs on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam fans in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the internal gear, and the number of cam followers exceeds the amount of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam fans on the result shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the result shaft, thus increasing torque and reducing quickness.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking phases, as in regular planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound decrease and will be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the sluggish velocity output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share basic design principles but generate cycloidal motion in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three basic force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or planet gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the input shaft, which is connected to the servomotor. The sun gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate inside the stationary ring equipment. The ring equipment is section of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the planet carrier and cause the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox gives the output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.